List of Stock Exchanges – Major Stock Exchanges Canada. The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX, formerly TSE) is the largest stock exchange in Canada, United Kingdom. The London Stock Exchange is located in the City of London in the United Kingdom. Japan. It is the third largest stock exchange in the The world's two largest stock exchanges lie only minutes apart in New York City, United States. The New York Stock Exchange founded on May 17, 1792, is the world's biggest stock exchange in trader value and has a capitalization of $19.223 Trillion USD. It is one of two stock exchanges owned by Intercontinental Exchange. There are 60 major stock exchanges throughout the world, and their range of sizes is quite surprising. At the high end of the spectrum is the mighty NYSE, representing $18.5 trillion in market capitalization, or about 27% of the total market for global equities.